Ác khẩu thụ chi.

Speak evil, receive the same.

This is equivalent to “Chickens come home to roost.”

Ả Tạ nàng Ban

Xie Daoyun and Ban Zhao.

The meaning is describing intelligent and knowledgeable women by comparing them to Xie Daoyuan (Tạ Đạo Uẩn) and Ban Zhao (Ban Chiêu), famous female scholars. Daoyun is a famous poet, writer, scholar, and debater of the Jin Dynasty. Her brother is general Xie Xuan and her uncle is prime minister Xie An. Zhao is a historian, famous philosopher, and politician of the Han Dynasty. She completed her late brother Ban Gu’s Book of Han and wrote Lessons for Women.

Ả Lý nàng Oanh

Lý Ký and Ti Ying.

The meaning is describing a filial woman by comparing her to Lý Ký and Ti Ying (Đề Oanh), famous filial women. During the reign of Emperor Wu of Han, Lý Ký sold herself to care for her parents. She was to be a human sacrifice to a serpent deity; however, with a dog and machete, she cut down the serpent deity and saved the people. The Dong’ou (Đông Viêt) king discovered her and made her his queen. During the reign of Emperor Wen of Han, Ti Ying endured hardship and journeyed to the capital to submit an appeal to the Emperor to save her father. The Emperor was moved by her letter, pardoned her father, and abolished the Five Punishments.